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PAREDES MAMANI, Rene Paz; YAPUCHURA SAICO, Cristobal; ARPI MAYTA, Roberto  and  PELAYO CALATAYUD MENDOZA, Alfredo. Socioeconomic and proximate determinants of mortality in children under five years of age in Peru (2015-2018). Apuntes [online]. 2021, vol.48, n.88, pp.85-124. ISSN 0252-1865.

The objective of the study was to find the socioeconomic and proximate determinants of mortality in children under five years of age in Peru. To this end, the study focuses on the theoretical approach of Mosley and Chen (1984) and on the econometric methodology of the Cox proportional hazards semi-parametric and non-parametric Kaplan and Meier models. Regarding socioeconomic determinants, the results show that the mother's years of education, the economic status of the home, and the mother's health coverage significantly reduce the risk of death for children under the age of five. Likewise, the mother's years of education have a significant interactive effect with the socioeconomic level of the home and access to health service coverage which influence child survival. As for the proximal determinants, the age of the mother, the intervals between births, the order of birth of the children, and health facilities predict the risk of death for children under five years of age.

Keywords : mortality; survival; Kaplan-Meier; Cox proportional hazards.

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