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SALAZAR, Cecilia. Pueblo de humanos: metáforas corporales y diferenciación social indígena en Bolivia. Anthropologica [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.24, pp.5-27. ISSN 0254-9212.

The social differentiation of indigenous groups in the Andean region of Bolivia takes place against the backdrop of the notion of "desanclaje" (disanchoring). According to this notion, the transit from an agrarian society to an industrial society generates in individuals a sort of "estrangement" from their local and traditional relationships of presence. These relationships are then restructured at the space and time intervals of modernity and capitalism through the notion of a state-nation. Education plays a key role in this process that is made visible through one of the main consequences that the differenced and unequal integration of indigenous groups to the state order entails, the social division of labor generating a separation between manual workers and intellectuals. All these aspects are analyzed on the basis of body metaphors that refer to the complex administration of signs and meanings under the periods of colonization and capitalism in the Andean region of Bolivia.

Palavras-chave : ethnicity; national identity; nationalism; social differentiation.

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