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GRADOS BUENO, Claudia V  and  PACHECO RIQUELME, Eduardo M. Oil extractive activity’s impact on access to water: the case of two Kukama Kukamiria communities of the Marañón river basin (Loreto, Perú). Anthropologica [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.37, pp.33-59. ISSN 0254-9212.

This research will try to address the consequences of oil extraction on the access to natural and water resources, especially in two native communities of the Kukama Kukamiria people located in the lower Marañón basin. Furthermore, we analyze the role of the state and enterprises involved in the oil spills occurred in the area. In this sense, even if the oil spills have transformed the access and use of water (for instance the quantity and quality of water and fish in the area) the river and fishing remain relevant for the ecosystem, family economy and Kukama cosmovision. Nonetheless, the conception of a polluted environment continues to create uncertainty in the population.

Keywords : water resources; indigenous people; Marañón River; oil; Amazonia; extractive industry; Kukama Kukamiria.

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