SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue37The Constitution of Water Power: agro-exporters and groundwater scarcity in the Ica Valley and Pampas de VillacuríNo one is old here!: Uses and interpretations of services provided by a Senior Activity Center in a low-income urban district of Peru author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO



Print version ISSN 0254-9212


MUNOZ, Ismael. Agricultural Export and Overexploitation of the Ica Aquifer in Peru. Anthropologica [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.37, pp.115-138. ISSN 0254-9212.

The economic growth experienced in the agricultural export sector in the Ica Valley has gone along with the concentration of land and groundwater sources. This process has given more power to the exporting companies, which respond individually to demand from international markets. The external demand increase of Ica valley’s products generates significant private gains, but inhibits collective action towards the conservation of the aquifer. Each company decides the number of wells to be drilled and the volume of groundwater to be drawn, given the technical requirements of the crops and the weak government regulation. The increased extraction compared to the reserve and availability of water, leads to a decrease in the volume of water in the aquifer and to the degradation of the common and consequent scarcity. The research has followed the institutional economy approach to analyze the interrelations between the social, the technological and the public policies in Ica’s Valley looking for an interdisciplinary perspective.

Keywords : groundwater; collective action; aquifers overexploitation; inequality in access to water; agricultural export; Peru; international market.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )