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Revista Medica Herediana

versión impresa ISSN 1018-130Xversión On-line ISSN 1729-214X

Resumen

VIZCARRA ESCOBAR, Darwin Roger  y  KAWANO CASTILLO, Jorge Fernando. Identification of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome related symptoms in clinical charts of patients with an acute vascular event. Rev Med Hered [online]. 2006, vol.17, n.3, pp.148-155. ISSN 1018-130X.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) main symptoms are snoring, apneas and daytime sleepiness among the most important ones. It has been demonstrated a relationship between high vascular risk and OSA. Objective: To evaluate medical search about symptoms related to OSA in patients with an acute stroke or cardiac event, who were admitted at Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, in Lima, Peru, from September 2003 to September 2004. Patients and Methods: An observational retrospective study was developed recovering information in 291 clinical charts of patients who were initially diagnosed of acute stroke or cardiac event, searching questions and answers about sleep, emphasizing who took information and clinical follow up during hospitalization. Results: From 1122 evaluators, just 0.98 % of them referred ruling out sleep apnea syndrome during their evaluation of 291 patients, corresponding to 9 patients. However, 6.87 % of patients were asked about snoring during sleep, 28.52 % about somnolence and 0.68 % about apnea episodes during sleep. In only 1 opportunity was suggested to do a polysomnography in order to confirm the final diagnosis. Nobody offered any therapeutic option. Conclusions: There is not an adequate interview searching sleep apnea syndrome in patients with an acute stroke or cardiac event, in which we may expect a higher frequency of this condition. An adequate diagnosis, follow up or therapeutic advice in these patients is not achieved. (Rev Med Hered 2006;17:148-155).

Palabras clave : Sleep apnea; obstructive, stroke; myocardial infarction; identification.

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