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Revista Estomatológica Herediana

versão impressa ISSN 1019-4355

Resumo

LIVIA DE LA CRUZ, Lucia Lorena et al. Pyogenic Granuloma: Case report of a reactive hyperplastic lesion with tumor appearance. Rev. Estomatol. Herediana [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.3, pp.224-230. ISSN 1019-4355.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20453/reh.v29i3.3606.

Pyogenic granuloma is a reactive lesion in response to different local factors, including traumatism, caries dental, hormonal imbalance or poor oral hygiene, which produces an inflammatory proliferation of connective tissue. Pyogenic granuloma is frequently located in oral cavity (gums, tongue, hard palate, lips, and floor of mouth) and skin. Clinically, it presents as a vascularized hyperplastic lesion with a slow-growing pedicled or sessile base of variable size and slow growth. Histologically, shows proliferation of endothelial tissue to a vascular network with signs of chronic inflammation and granulation tissue. This case report aims to identify the clinical, imaging and histopathological characteristics of Pyogenic Granuloma with tumor appearance in the oral cavity in an adult patient of the Clínica Dental Docente Cayetano Heredia in 2017. Clinical and histopathological characteristics of granuloma allow a specific diagnosis, given that their differential diagnoses are similar. The treatment options for pyogenic granuloma include excision, laser pulsed-dye, intralesional injection of ethanol or corticosteroids, sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulfate, and cryosurgery. Reactive hyperplasia may present a tumor appearance that is ruled out by anatomopathological study. Choosing the correct approach and treatment requires a proper clinical and histopathological diagnosis.

Palavras-chave : Pyogenic granuloma; peripheral ossifying fibroma; giant cell granuloma.

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