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Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú

versión impresa ISSN 1609-9117

Resumen

NUNEZ TORRES, Oscar P; BARROS RODRIGUEZ, Marcos; SANCHEZ, Daniela  y  GUISHCA-CUNUHAY, Carlos. Productive performance, ruminal degradation and in vitro gas production in sheep fed diets based on post-harvest residues of chenopodium quinoa. Rev. investig. vet. Perú [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.3, pp.765-773. ISSN 1609-9117.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15381/rivep.v29i3.14836.

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the post-harvest residue intake of Chenopodium quinoa on the productive performance, apparent digestibility of dry matter (DM), ruminal degradation of DM and in vitro gas production in sheep. A group of 12 rams of 6 months were used to evaluate body weight gain and voluntary consumption for 75 days (15 days of adaptation) and in vivo digestibility in metabolic cages. A second group of 6 sheep over 8 months of age and rumen cannulated were used for the study of in situ ruminal degradation of DM using the nylon bag technique and for in vitro gas production. A randomized design with two treatments was used: T1: (95.8% Pennisetum clandestinum), T2: (75.8% P. clandestinum and 20% bran of C. quinoa). Voluntary intake in T2 was higher than in T1, but voluntary intake per kg PV0.75 showed no significant difference between treatments. The feed conversion was better in T2 versus T1 (7:91 to 9:29). The weight gain was higher in T2. The apparent digestibility of the DM did not show differences between treatments. In vitro gas production was lower in T2 with respect to T1. The parameters of ruminal degradation did not show differences between treatments. With respect to the rate of degradation (c) in percentage per hour no differences were observed between forages. It is concluded that forage residues of C. quinoa can be included in 20% of the diet of sheep for moderate body weight gain when using low nutritional quality pastures such as P. clandestinum.

Palabras clave : digestibility; gas production; in vitro; in situ; voluntary intake; sheep.

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