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Acta Médica Peruana

On-line version ISSN 1728-5917

Abstract

APHANG, Meylin et al. Physicians’ adherence and compliance with recommendations for care and prevention of diabetic foot, in two hospitals from Lima, Peru. Acta méd. Peru [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.3, pp.168-172. ISSN 1728-5917.

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare physicians’ compliance with the recommendations established by the guides for diabetic foot management and prevention in a public hospital and a private hospital. Materials and methods:: This is a secondary analysis study of the data base from the ‘Quality of Metabolic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Outpatients Managed in Lima General Hospitals’. Two questionnaires were used, the first one for collecting demographic data, and the second with 5 questions, and both were administered at the end of their appointment in the endocrinology clinic. The second questionnaire requested the following information: i. Request from the physician to take out their shoes. ii. Sensitivity assessment in the legs. iii. Recommending the use of special shoes. iv. Referring patients to the diabetic foot service, and v. Use of special shoes by the patients. The rates and the 95% confidence intervals for compliance with the aforementioned recommendations were calculated, and chisquare test and Fisher’s exact method were used for determining an association between the hospital type and compliance with the recommendations. Results: A significant difference was found between the public hospital and the private hospital (p<0.05) in complying with four of five recommendations (in these four cases compliance was higher in the private hospital). These were as follows: 1. The participants declared having taken out their shoes at the physicians’ request (37% public vs. 77% private, p<0.001); 2. The patients received a recommendation about using special shoes (16% public vs. 61% private, p<0.001); 3. Patients were referred to a diabetic foot service (3% public vs. 18% private, p= 0.001); 4. Patients reported using special shoes (64% public vs. 82% private, p= 0.012). Conclusions: Compliance with physicians’ recommendations regarding feet care in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was significantly higher in a private hospital compared to a public hospital. However, even in the private institution the result was far from being optimal. The best performance in the private hospital suggests there are differences in quality of care, which may have consequences in people’s health

Keywords : Diabetic foot; Diabetes Mellitus type-2; Health care surveys; Guideline adherence; Quality of health care.

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