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Revista Peruana de Ginecología y Obstetricia

versão On-line ISSN 2304-5132

Resumo

RONDON-TAPIA, Marta; REYNA-VILLASMIL, Eduardo  e  TORRES-CEPEDA, Duly. Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence: A case report. Rev. peru. ginecol. obstet. [online]. 2018, vol.64, n.3, pp.483-488. ISSN 2304-5132.  http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31403/rpgo.v64i2116.

Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is a complication of monochorionic twin pregnancies in which one twin that exhibits lethal anomalies, including acardia, is perfused by the other ‘pump’ twin via anastomoses between placental arteries. This results in growth and characteristic anomalies of the acardiac twin, and possible heart failure of the pump twin. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms that lead to this devastating phenomenon are not well known. It occurs in about 1% of monochorionic pregnancies and in one out of 35 000 pregnancies. Mortality is usually due to anemia and cardiac complications which can lead to cardiac failure, appear early during pregnancy and cause the death of the pump twin. We report a case of twin reversed arterial perfusion in a 28-year-old patient with 12 weeks monochorionic-diamniotic pregnancy that was referred for absent cardiac activity in one twin. Ultrasound showed an acardiac twin with flow reversal seen in the umbilical artery and umbilical vein and a normal second twin. At 28 weeks an emergency cesarean section was done due preterm labor and transverse situation of the second twin. The first twin was malformed and the second twin died two days later due to complications of prematurity. Accurate prenatal diagnosis of twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence is essential to improve the prognosis of this rare entity.

Palavras-chave : Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence; Acardiac twin; Monochorionic twins; Pregnancy.

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