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LEIVA GONZALEZ, Segundo et al. The natural and cultural diversity of the Kuelap Archaeological Complex (Luya province, Amazonas region): the fortress of the men of the clouds. Arnaldoa [online]. 2019, vol.26, n.3, pp.883-930. ISSN 1815-8242.

Our objective was to recognized the natural and cultural diversity of the Archaeological Complex (AC) of Kuelap. We performed ten visits to the complex in 2003, 2005, 2018 and 2019. We applied specific methodologies for archaeological recognition, botanical collections and bird diversity identification, applying the transect and intensive search methods through scrubland, grassland and forest remnant in the routes of the immediate vicinity of the archaeological complex. For the determination and categorization of species, we used specialized standards and literature for each taxon evaluated. The AC of Kuelap is located near the town of El Tingo and has a stoneedged architecture that belongs to the Early Intermediate Period, Late Intermediate Period, Late Horizon and it consists of eight sectors. The flora was represented by 147 species, belonging to115 genera and 67 families. Eleven flora species were endemic of Peru. Centropogon saltuum is a new record to Peru. The orchids Epidendrum blepharistes, E. secundum and E. ventricosum are found in Appendix II of CITES. Likewise, 53 species of birds distributed in 20 families and 6 orders were registered. The species Leucippus taczanowskii is endemic to Peru.

Palavras-chave : Kuelap fortress; rocky-slope area; mountain tops; archeology; flora; fauna; endemism.

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